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Cosmetics Industry

Cosmetics and personal care industry overview

Economic overview

Valued at €77.6 billion at retail sales price in 2017, the European cosmetics and personal care market is the largest in the world.

The largest national markets for cosmetics and personal care products within Europe are Germany (€13.6 billion), France (€11.3 billion), the UK (€11.1 billion), Italy (€10.1 billion) and Spain (€6.8 billion).

The following product categories hold the largest share of the European market: skin care (€20.07 billion), toiletries (€19.64 billion), hair-care products (€14.84 billion), fragrances/perfumes (€11.93 billion), and decorative cosmetics (€11.17 billion).

Exports of cosmetic products from Europe totalled €20.2 billion (trade value) in 2017. France and Germany were Europe’s main exporters, exporting more than €10 billion between them and accounting for 50% of total global exports from Europe.
 
The European cosmetics and personal care industry generates significant intangible assets, defined as non-monetary value that cannot be seen, touched or physically measured, like brands and patents. The total value of Europe’s leading cosmetics brands is estimated to exceed €59 billion. Of the world’s 50 leading cosmetic brands, 22 are domiciled in Europe (BrandFinance, 2017).
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Socio-economic impact

The cosmetics and personal care industry brings at least €29 billion in added value to the European economy annually. €11 billion is contributed directly by the manufacture of cosmetic products and €18 billion indirectly through the supply chain.

Including direct, indirect and induced economic activity, the industry supports over 2 million jobs. 165,750 people are employed directly, and a further 1.64 million indirectly in the cosmetics value chain.

For every 10 workers employed in the European cosmetics and personal care industry, at least two further jobs are generated in the wider economy as a result of employees spending their wages on goods and services.

Moreover, by attracting investment from outside of the EU, developing intangible assets like brands, and investing in R&D, the cosmetics and personal care industry is helping to enhance the competitiveness of the European economy and contributing to future prosperity.

The vast majority of Europe’s 500 million consumers use cosmetic and personal care products every day to protect their health, enhance their well-being and boost their self-esteem. Ranging from antiperspirants, fragrances, make-up and shampoos, to soaps, sunscreens and toothpastes, cosmetics play an essential role in all stages of our life and have important functional and emotional benefits.

Industry value-chain

The cosmetics and personal care industry value chain comprises five levels:

  1. Inputs to production. Companies that provide the raw materials required to manufacture cosmetic and personal care products. There are over 100 companies manufacturing cosmetic ingredients in Europe. 
  2. Manufacturing. Product manufacturers and suppliers of supporting activities e.g. marketing and IT. There are more than 5,500 enterprises manufacturing cosmetics in Europe, the vast majority of which are SMEs.
  3. Distribution and wholesale. There are approximately 23,000 enterprises involved in the wholesale of cosmetics in Europe, the majority of which are located in Italy (17%), Spain (15%), and France (10%) (Eurostat, 2015).
  4. Retail and beauty services. Product vendors like salons, department stores, online stores and pharmacies. There are also approximately 46,400 specialist stores and 55,000 retail outlets selling cosmetic products in Europe.
  5. Consumers. Individuals who purchase cosmetics and personal care products represent the final link in the value chain.

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Research & Science

The cosmetics and personal care industry is a science-driven and highly innovative sector which makes large investments in R&D. Most large companies in our industry spend 5% of their annual turnover (sales) on R&D (within Europe).

Assuming that all companies in the cosmetics industry spend 5% of their annual turnover on R&D, total expenditure on R&D in Europe would have totalled €2.35 billion in 2017. It should be noted that because the business model for carrying out research frequently involves a partnership (e.g. between a cosmetics manufacturer and a supplier and/or research institute), this figure is likely to be an underestimate.

There are at least 77 scientific innovation facilities in Europe that carry out research in relation to cosmetics and personal care. Large industry players have multiple research centres that focus on product development, market research and regulatory compliance respectively.

Over 27,900 scientists are employed in the European cosmetics sector, from a diverse range of disciplines including physics, microbiology, biology, toxicology, physiology, rheology, nanoscience, analytical chemistry and genetics to name a few (Cosmetics Europe, 2017).

By attracting and training workers with specialist skills, the cosmetics industry increases the pool of talent and skilled labour for other science-led industries - such as pharmaceuticals. 

Read more about our industry’s efforts to promote science and research and innovation and future trends in the Cosmetics Industry driven by R&D.

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